Bisected horizontally by the Equator and forming part of East Africa, Kenya covers an area of 582,646 km2, most of which is located on a high plateau west of the rift valley. Kenya is one of the most visited countries in Africa, with a long safari tradition and some of the most compelling safari destinations on the continent.
Kenya is bordered to the north by South Sudan and Ethiopia, to the east by Somalia and the Indian Ocean, to the south by Tanzania, and to the west by Lake Victoria and Uganda. It is renowned for its varied geography, landscapes, and brackish lakes, like the famous Lake Turkana, the fourth largest in the world. Its brackish lakes make Kenya a unique destination to observe millions of flamingos. The country’s most prominent peak is Mount Kenya at 5,199 m.
Among its main attractions are Lamu and Diani Beach, Maasai Mara National Reserve, Amboseli National Park, Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks, Samburu Reserve, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Lake Turkana Complex.
Spanning 1,510 km², Maasai Mara is located northeast of the Serengeti in Tanzania, and is part of the great Serengeti ecosystem that covers an astonishing area of 30,000 km2. The reserve has 9 adjacent conservation areas owned by Maasai landowners.
This is where one of the largest land mammal migrations on the planet takes place, with more than 1.5 million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras, and 400,000 Thomson’s gazelles, which, driven by the need to feed, make an annual journey of over 1,000 km to Mwasa, south of the Serengeti.
At least 100 species of mammals and 566 species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians coexist in this habitat.
Given its proximity to the equator, the climate is relatively stable. However, rainfall is concentrated during two periods of the year; from December to January, and in April.
Its average elevation is 1,800 m and rainfall averages 1,200 mm.
Average high temperatures range from 27 ºC (80 ºF) to 23 ºC (73 ºF) throughout the year.
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