The largest country in East Africa covering an area of 947,303 km2 and with 38% of it being protected wilderness, Tanzania is one of the continent’s top safari destinations with spectacular scenery, extraordinary wildlife, ancient local cultures, and the best beach destinations in the Indian Ocean.
Its borders are the Indian Ocean to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the D.R. Congo to the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. Among its highlights are its varied geography and ecosystems, with altitudes ranging from sea level to 5,895 meters at the summit of Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro.
Tanzania has several lakes of great continental importance, such as Lake Victoria where the Nile River rises and Lake Tanganyika, both with a great diversity of marine fauna and home to the last families of chimpanzees, as well as Lake Nyasa or Lake Malawi in the south.
Among its main attractions are the Zanzibar Archipelago, Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tarangire National Park, Nyerere National Park (formerly Selous), Ruaha National Park, and Mahale National Park.
Its name Maasai Siringet – “the place where the earth runs forever” – defines it perfectly as it is largely an endless expanse of plains.
With its 14,763 km², it is undoubtedly the most renowned park in Africa. Together with the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, they constitute the large Serengeti ecosystem, which covers 30,000 km2.
This is where one of the largest land mammal migrations on the planet takes place, with more than 1.5 million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras, and 400,000 Thomson’s gazelles, which, driven by the need to feed, embark on an annual journey of more than 1,000 km from the northern ecosystem in the Maasai Mara (Kenya) to Mwasa in the southern Serengeti.
Over 100 identified species of mammals coexist in this habitat with more than 500 species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
With a generally semi-arid climate, it has two rainy seasons: November to December, and from March to the beginning of May.
Its average elevation is 1,600 m and rainfall varies from 500 mm in the south to 1,100 mm in the north.
Average maximum and minimum temperatures during the rainy season are 25 ºC (77 ºF) and 8 ºC (46 ºF). During the dry season, temperatures go from 35 ºC (95 ºF) to 14 ºC (57 ºF).
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