The westernmost country in Southern Africa has an area of 828,292 km2 and is one of the most uninhabited countries on the planet. Because of its geographical and climatic characteristics, Namibia is a world apart from the continent, home to the oldest desert in the world and more than 1,500 km of protected and basically uninhabited coastline.
Namibia is bordered to the north by Angola, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South Africa, and to the east by Botswana. One of the main characteristics of Namibia is its dry climates and the fog produced when the warm inland winds meet the cold Benguela Current in the Atlantic, which gives life to the deserts.
The country’s most attractive destinations are Skeleton Coast National Park, Etosha National Park, Namib-Naukluft Park and NamibRand Nature Reserve, Bwabwata National Park, and Waterberg Plateau National Park.
Etosha comes from the Ovambo language, which translates as “great white place,” and is located in northwestern Namibia, mostly within the Kunene region. Its surface reaches 22,270 km² where almost 6,000 km² correspond to Etosha pan, a flat salt flat that was once a lake that covered the area.
The main feature of this park is its watering holes, where hundreds of animals congregate daily, including 4 of the 5 big ones. Etosha has at least 114 species of mammals and more than 340 species of birds, and is also very diverse in reptiles, with more than 110 species identified.
The climate is divided into rainy and dry seasons, with almost no rain. The average annual rainfall is 416 mm. High temperatures range from 35 ºC (95 ºF) to 17 ºC (62 ºF) throughout the year.
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