The smallest country in East Africa with an area of 26,338 km2 is famed for its endless hills, mountains, and striking volcanoes. Mountains dominate the scenery in the west and the central zone, and then gradually give way to plains and swampy areas to the east.
Its borders are Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south, the D.R.C. to the west, and Uganda to the north. Despite its size, this country offers a great diversity of landscapes and ecosystems, and is also an example of diversity of landscapes and ecosystems.
Its main parks are Volcanoes National Park, Akagera National Park, and Nyungwe National Park.
This park is part of the Virunga Transfrontier Conservation Area and spans over an area of 125 km² with a plant cover ranging from dense bamboo forests to Afro-Alpine vegetation.
Countless plant species are the ecological basis of this park, where the higher altitude forest areas are home to the famous mountain gorillas. This occurs between 3,500 m and 4,500 m altitude.
Rainfall occurs sporadically throughout the year, mainly in the form of isolated thunderstorms, with an annual average of around 1,800 mm.
Average daily temperatures vary between 21 ºC (70 ºF) and 32 ºC (89 ºF).
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